Shumilo, L., Skakun, S., Gore, M.L. et al. Conservation policies and management in the Ukrainian Emerald Network have maintained reforestation rate despite the war. Commun Earth Environ 4, 443 (2023). DOI:10.1038/s43247-023-01099-4.

The results reveal that the implementation of Bern Convention conservation policies led to a shift from deforestation (−4% each) to reforestation (+8% and +10%) on both sides of the Emerald Network divided by the demarcation line in 2014. It also shows that despite the war, territories under Ukraine control after 2014 continued reforestation (+9%), while sites under Russian control experienced dramatic forest loss (−25%). These findings emphasize the significant consequences of warfare-induced separation of local institutions on conservation areas and underscore the positive impact of the Emerald Network establishment, both before and after the conflict’s onset.