Shelestov, A., Salii, Y., Hordiiko, N., Yailymova, H. (2023). Current Advances on Cloud-Based Distributed Computing for Forest Monitoring. In: Dovgyi, S., Trofymchuk, O., Ustimenko, V., Globa, L. (eds) Information and Communication Technologies and Sustainable Development. ICT&SD 2022. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 809. Springer, Cham. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-46880-3_20.

One of the most important tasks related to environmental protection is forests monitoring. Meanwhile, specialists deal with the problem of big data and the need to utilize powerful computing resources that are not always available. Cloud solutions (CREODIAS, Google Earth Engine, etc.) provide instant satellite data access and the ability to quickly and conveniently process geospatial data in the cloud and use it to search for information products. Forest monitoring is supported by the European Commission (EU project SWIFTT), the World Wildlife Fund and others. This work analyzes Sentinel-2 satellite spectral channels, which distribution of pixel values was constructed for diseased and healthy forests, and the possibility of separating these two classes was analyzed based on the Bhattacharya distance. The informativeness of time series application of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) was analyzed. The assumption that the average value of NDVI decreases and the standard deviation increases when the forest changes is confirmed. Getting results for large areas will lead to a big data problem. Therefore, the structure of the pilot information system is proposed as the basis for a further cloud solution with the development of a machine (deep) learning model for forest monitoring in any territory (including Ukraine). This system allows monitoring forests dynamics based on time series of satellite data at the country level and worldwide. This will be an important step for Ukraine as a potential member of the EU in the field of providing information services and monitoring the most sensitive natural resources.